Back to required readings

Dick Boyd has written a number of papers concerning Natural Kinds. Many can be found on his website here:

Wilson, Brigandt, and Barker each have additional work describing their take on HPC views in biology.

  • Wilson, R. A. (1999), Realism, Essence, and Kind: Resuscitating Traditional Species Essentialism?

  • Wilson, R. A. (2005) Genes and the Agents of Life: The Individual in the Fragile Sciences: Biology, Cambridge University Press.

  • Brigandt, I. (2009) Natural kinds in evolution and systematics: metaphysical and epistemological considerations. Acta Biotheoretica 57: 77–97.
  • For a critical view, see

  • Ereshefsky, M. and Matthen, M. (2005) Taxonomy, Polymorphism and History: An Introduction to Population Structure Theory. Philosophy of Science 72, pp. 1-21.

  • Ereshefsky, M. (2009) Natural Kinds in Biology Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.