Back to required readings

Lots of homology and character related readings in no particular order - some repeats of required readings.


  • Patterson (1988) Homology in Classical and Molecular Biology
  • Mindell and Meyer (2001), Homology Evolving
  • Brigandt (2003) Homology: Radiation of a Concept
  • Wagner G (1989) The biological homology concept. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 20:51-69.
  • Wagner G (1996) Homologues, natural kinds and the evolution of modularity. American Zoologist 36:36-43.
  • Abouheif E (1997) Developmental genetics and homology: a hierarchical approach. Tree 12:405-408.
  • Laubichler M (2000) Homology in development and the development of the homology concept. American Zoologist 40:777-788.
  • Hall BK (2003) Descent with modification: the unity underlying homology and homoplasy as seen through an analysis of development and evolution. Biological Review 78:409-433.
  • Hall, BK (2007) Homology and Homoplasy: Dichotomy or Continuum?
  • Hall BK (2007) Homology and homoplasy. In Philosophy of Biology (Matthen M, Stephens C, eds), 429-454. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
  • Griffiths PE (2007) The phenomena of homology. Biology and Philosophy 22:643-658.
  • Ghiselin M (2005) Homology as a relation of correspondence between parts of individuals. Theory in Biosciences 124:91-103.
  • Brigandt I (2007) Typology now: homology and developmental constraints explain evolvability. Biology and Philosophy 22:709-725.
  • Love (2009) Typology Reconfigured
  • Ereshefsky M (in press) Homology: Integrating Phylogeny and Development” Biological Theory
  • Wake, Homology and Homoplasy (from Developmental Keywords)
  • Characters